Альфред Адлер

Alfred Adler (1870-1937) named his theory "individual psychology", because "individual" means "indivisible" in Latin, i.e. an entity that can not be divided. Alfred Adler understood human as a solid unity of conscious and the unconscious, unity in thinking, feelings, actions, and in every manifestation of personality. A. Adler believed that all children experience feelings of inferiority, which is an inevitable consequence of their physical size and lack of strength and ability. Moderate feelings of inferiority motivate the child to grow, “become as strong or even stronger than others”, to strive for improvement, for superiority, for the development of their abilities. The purpose of preference can be both positive and negative. If it involves interest in the well-being of others - it develops in a constructive and healthy direction.
Socially beneficial type - is a mature full-fledged personality, who combines a high degree of social interest and a high level of activity. Such a person sincerely cares about others and is interested in communication and interaction with other people, realizes that solving basic life problems - work, friendship, love - requires cooperation, personal courage, responsibility and willingness to contribute to the well-being of others.
Social feeling developed to a higher level is a sense of public duty, it motivates a person to achieve the highest results in something that contributes to social development. The intersection of social interest with the individual desire for self-development and perfection characterizes the optimal lifestyle of the individual. Thus, A. Adler emphasizes that social relations are central to the formation of personality, and social feeling is the starting point for mental development and life of a healthy person. Later social relations determine a constructive way of life - cooperation and collaboration with other people at work, in friendship, love. Weakening or lack of social feeling is the cause of negative personality development, neurotic desire for power, and other neuroses. An individualist with an additional "superiority complex" becomes an antisocial being who provokes local social cataclysms. A. Adler wrote: "All spiritually unhappy, ill-mannered and neurotic natures in childhood did not have the conditions for the development of their inherent social feelings, and therefore they also lack courage, optimism, confidence in their abilities, which have their direct source of this feeling."
A. Adler noted: "Studying the biographies of the most important enemies of mankind, one common feature is obvious: all of them were treated badly in childhood. Thus, they developed cruelty, envy, hostility, they can not see others happy."
The main task of individual psychology, which is relevant today - the unity of each individual - his thinking, feelings, actions and in all its manifestations of personality. Joost Meerloo (1973) – "All psychoanalysis and all psychiatry is permeated with Adlerian ideas, although few acknowledge this fact. We are all plagiarists, although it is difficult for us to admit it. All social psychiatry would be almost impossible without Adler's tendency to be a pioneer."